5 Important Principles for the Development of the Child’s Brain
Child’s Brain- As a parent, I do not need advice on how to raise children, I need facts about the development of the child. I myself can figure out how to take advantage of the results of modern scientific research to help my children grow up smart and teach them to get pleasure from life. Unfortunately, it is not so easy for parents to find the truth in a world filled with unchecked information about everything in the world. Therefore, in our highly educated age, as many diverse myths about the development and upbringing of children, as well as a couple of centuries ago.
In Russia, the most famous was the technique of physician-physiologist Glenn Doman. He worked with children with brain disorders. Doman suggested a whole complex of different exercises for babies, teaching them to compensate for brain functioning problems: crawl, hold your head, master reading and counting with the help of various cards that need to be shown in a certain sequence. Read more: A guide to finding great reclaimed items for your home
Indeed, for children with CNS disorders, Doman’s technique worked, at least, the parents’ feedback was good. But then Doman starts recommending the exercises he developed for healthy children. And parents who want to grow a genius from their child, find a very promising technique. To date, alas, in addition to positive feedback from parents, there is no scientific evidence of the effectiveness of Glenn Doman’s methods for the development of healthy children. Moreover, the American Academy of Pediatrics several times (in 1968, 1999, 2002) issued warnings about the lack of effectiveness of Doman’s methods for children with brain injuries. Also, the ethical nature of the advertising campaign of the method is discussed: in it, the parents of special children are promised unreasonably good results, at the same time the cost of passing the course at the Institute of Doman himself is very high. But there is little that can stop parents if they want to satisfy their ambitions, especially since one can study at home in Doman.
The idea of Doman for healthy children is that the baby is a “tabula rasa”, a “blank leaf” on which one can write anything. As a result of such experiments, children began to appear who can “read”, “count”, “play” chess and musical instruments before they even learned to speak. From birth, they show cards with letters, words in English, give a violin and lead them to various developmental activities. This usually amuses parents’ feelings, causes envy and admiration among others, gives children a chance to become a star from an early age. The children themselves are told in the process of how clever they are, thereby hoping to strengthen their self-confidence. Read more: Five more shirts that every man needs in his wardrobe
The result: Doman’s methodology, like other early development methods, makes the child an object of learning, a passive consumer, does not allow him to show initiative. The followers of the method recommend taking into account the choice of the child, showing him only the cards and themes that interested him, but in practice, very few people do it. The child turns into a “library of useless knowledge,” which is stored both on the hard drive of the computer, but thinking does not develop, so it’s not easy to use this disk for its intended purpose. Children read and count in quotes because it is not a full reading and an account, or rather, not reading at all and not counting. This is what they learned by heart, like a poem. So it’s with the rest of the skills. Moreover, children who have not been loaded since infancy will not only catch up with time, but they may also overtake early geniuses,
To date, numerous scientific studies have been carried out showing that the ideas laid down in the 1960s in methods of early development are at least ineffective, as a maximum, they are simply harmful. By training children in areas of knowledge that are in the zone of immediate development for them, we fix low-level thinking, for example, memorization instead of reading and counting, and we prevent the timely development of high-level thinking-understanding the text, the ability to draw conclusions on our own. Children turn off the motivation for exploring the world, they get used to having someone teach them, they do not have to learn by themselves. This is reminiscent of the construction of a house in which there is no normal foundation. That is, the house is worth, but under any cataclysms, its stability will be violated. All development, as well as the construction of a house, must occur consistently.
But what is to be done? Just leave the children alone? Let them grow like grass, do not drive mugs and developing centers? What really develops the child? After all, all parents want their children to have a high academic performance, could somehow control their emotional outbursts, it’s better to have less sick and know how to be friends. What can science offer? Unfortunately, for today there are no ready-made recipes for each specific situation, simply because there are no two identical children and two identical parents. But there are five basic principles of the child’s brain development and the enhancement of his intelligence.
Child’s Brain: Security
Our brain is set up to identify the danger. If something terrible happens near us, then we must “run away” or “pretend to be dead,” but we can not accurately learn new knowledge. If an adult screams nearby or the parent’s quarrel, then the child perceives it from the birth (!) As a danger and will not at the moment accurately absorb anything, and thus develop.
Safety is ensured by caring for the child and the formation of strong and warm relations in the family, which are called attachment. If the child’s needs are met, then the brain has resources for development Timeliness
There are tests for determining the level of intelligence, even for toddlers. Good news: IQ, the intelligence factor, can grow throughout life, and not up to three years. Bad: IQ can also decline. In order for IQ not to decrease, the intellect and the acquired skills should be used. If you have been learning a foreign language for several years, but do not speak or read it, then in time it will literally be erased. The brain will clean and remove unnecessary neural connections. It’s quite terrible: neural connections begin to disappear after only two weeks of not using the skill. But to learn something a second time, that is, to restore neural connections, is easier than the first.
Children with whom they speak much from birth, develop much faster than those who grow in a more silent atmosphere. There is even a “golden standard” for speaking – 2100 words per hour. It’s a lot, but not very, just a normal conversation. It is important to speak with pauses, not 24/7, so as not to overload the child, it can be as harmful as silence. As studies show, by the age of three, the difference in IQ between a silent group and a talkative one was 1.5 times. The intelligence factor among the talkative children continued to grow at an older age, which provided them with high academic assessments in the future.
Children who were allowed to play every day, compared to the control group that they only taught, had more developed language skills, better-solved problems and withstood stress, had better memory and developed communication skills. But does any spontaneous game benefit? No, the best result is the story-role game. The well-known Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) predicted that the ability of children under five to use imagination in story-role games is the best indicator of future successful studies. The reason is simple: a child in the game learns to regulate his social behavior. Vygotsky’s conclusion is supported by modern scientific research. Based on the ideas of Lev Semenovich, in various countries, early childhood education programs are being developed, which include not a foreign language and mathematics, but a role plays with the activation of the imagination.
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